prepare for exams

1. KERALA – Arrival of Europeans-Contributions of Europeans- History of Travancore from Marthanda Varma to Sree Chithirathirunnal- Social and Religious Reform movement- National movement in Kerala- Literary Sources of Kerala History- United Kerala Movement- Political and Social History of Kerala after 1956.

 2. INDIA – Medieval India – Political History-Administrative reforms Contributions – Establishment of the British- First War of Independence – Formation of INC- Swadeshi Movement- Social Reform movement- Newspapers – Literature and Art during the freedom struggle –Independent Movement & Mahatma Gandhi Extremist Movement in India – India’s independent- Post independent period-State reorganization – Development in Science, Education, and Technology – Foreign policy- Political History after 1951.

 3. WORLD – Great revolution in England- American War of Independence – French revolution- Russian Revolution – Chinese revolution- Political History after second World war- UNO and other International Organization 


 1. Basics of Geography – Earth Structure – Atmosphere –Rocks – Landforms Pressure Belt and Winds- Temperature and Seasons- Global Issues- Global warming various forms of Pollutions – Maps- Topographic Maps and Signs – Remote Sensing – Geographic Information System-Oceans and its various movements – Continents – World Nations and its specific features. 2. INDIA – Physiography- States and Its features- Northern Mountain Region – Rivers- Northern Great Plain – Peninsular Plateau- Costal Plain – Climate – Natural Vegetation- Agriculture – Minerals and Industries- Energy Sources- Transport system – Road- Water- Railway- Air. 3. Kerala- – Physiography- Districts and Its features- Rivers- Climate – Natural Vegetation- Wild life- Agriculture and research centers – Minerals and Industries Energy Sources- Transport system – Road- Water- Railway- Air. 


National Income – Per Capita Income – Factors of Production- Economic Sectors of Production – Indian Economic Planning- Five Year Plans- NITI Aayog – Types and Functions of Economic Institutions – Reserve Bank & Functions – Public revenue – Tax and Non Tax revenue – Public Expenditure – Budget – Fiscal Policy – Consumer Protection & Rights


Public Administration – Bureaucracy –Features and Function – Indian Civil Service – State Civil Service – E_Governance – Information Commission and Right to information Act – Lokpal & Lokayuktha – Government – Executive, Judiciary, Legislature. Election – Political Parties. Human Rights – Human Rights Organizations. Act and Rules regarding Consumer Protection, Watershed Management – Labour and Employment, National Rural Employment Policies, Land Reforms, Protection of women, Children, and Old age People, Social Welfare, Social Security. Socio-Economic Statistical Data. 


Constituent Assembly – Preamble – Fundamental Rights – Directive principles – Fundamental Duties – Citizenship – Constitutional Amendments – Panchayath Raj – Constitutional Institutions and their Functions – Emergency- Union List- State List – Concurrent List


Basics of Computer  


o Input Devices (Names and uses) 

o Output Devices (Names and uses/features)

o Memory devices – Primary and Secondary (Examples, Features) 


o Classification – System software and Application software o Operating System – Functions and examples 

o Popular Application software packages – Word processors, Spreadsheets, Database packages, Presentation, Image editors (Uses, features and fundamental concepts of each) 

o Basics of programming – Types of instructions (Input, Output, Store, Control transfer) (Languages need not be considered)  Computer Networks 

o Types of networks – LAN, WAN, MAN (Features and application area) 

o Network Devices – Media, Switch, Hub, Router, Bridge, Gateway (Uses of each)  Internet 

o Services – WWW, E-mail, Search engines (Examples and purposes) 

o Social Media (Examples and features) 

o Web Designing – Browser, HTML (Basics only)  Cyber Crimes and Cyber Laws 

o Types of crimes (Awareness level) 

o IT Act and Other laws (Awareness level) 


1. Science and Technology: Nature and scope of Science and Technology, Relevance of S&T, National policy on S&T and innovations, Basics of everyday science, Human body, Public Health and Community Medicine, Food and Nutrition, Health Care. Institutes and Organization in India promoting integration of S&T and Innovation, their activities and contributions, Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists. 

2) Technology in Space and Defence: Evolution of Indian Space Programme, ISRO – it’s activities and achievements, various Satellite Programmes – DRDO-vision, mission and activities. 

3) Energy requirement and efficiency: India’s existing energy needs and deficit, India’s energy resources and dependence, Renewable and Non-renewable energy resources, Energy Policy of India – Govt. Policies and Programmes, Energy Security and Nuclear Policy of India. 

4) Environmental Science : Issues and concerns related to environment, its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of environment at the National and the International level, Environment protection for sustainable development. Biodiversity – its importance and concerns, Climate change, International initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India’s commitment, Western Ghats, Features, Characteristics and issues. Forest and wildlife – Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife Conservation in India. Environmental Hazards, Pollution, Carbon Emission, Global Warming. Developments in Biotechnology, Green Technology and Nanotechnology.


 A. English Grammar 

1. Types of Sentences and Interchange of Sentences. 2. Different Parts of Speech. 3. Agreement of Verb and Subject. 4. Confusion of Adjectives and Adverbs. 5 Comparison of Adjectives 6. Adverbs and Position of adverbs 7. Articles – The Definite and the Indefinite Articles. 8. Uses of Primary and Modal Auxiliary Verbs 9. Tag Questions 10. Infinitive and Gerunds 11. Tenses 12. Tenses in Conditional Sentences 13. Prepositions 14. The Use of Correlatives 15. Direct and Indirect Speech 16. Active and Passive voice 17. Correction of Sentences 

B. Vocabulary 

1. Singular & Plural, Change of Gender, Collective Nouns 2. Word formation from other words and use of prefix or suffix 3. Compound words 4. Synonyms 5. Antonyms 6. Phrasal Verbs 7. Foreign Words and Phrases 8. One Word Substitutes 9. Words often confused 10. Spelling Test 11. Idioms and their Meanings 12. Translation of a sentence/proverb in to Malayalam

  • Regional Language 

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